- An adjective suffix now usually in a passive sense; able to be; fit to be; expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as, movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended; blamable, fit to be blamed; salable
- From Middle English -able, borrowed from Old French -able, from Latin -ābilis, from -a- or -i- + -bilis (“capable or worthy of being acted upon”), from Proto-Indo-European i-stem form *-dʰli- of *-dʰlom (“instrumental suffix”).
- An adjectival suffix; forms adjectives meaning:
Able to be done; fit to be done.
movable: able to be moved
amendable: able to be amended
breakable: liable to broken
blamable: fit to be blamed
salable: fit to be sold
- Relevant to or suitable to, in accordance with.
fashionable: relevant to fashion
seasonable: suitable to season
- Giving, or inclined to.
pleasurable: giving pleasure
peaceable: inclined to peace
- Subject to.
reportable: subject to be reported
taxable: subject to be taxed
- Originally appeared only on French and Latin words, like separable. Over time -able was added to stems of English verbs ending in -ate, such as educable. Finally, due to probable confusion with the word able, it was used to form adjectives from all sorts of verbs, nouns, and even verb phrases, such as kickable, get-at-able, and hittable.
- A terminal silent -e is often dropped when adding -able, but for roots ending with a soft -ce or -ge, such as replaceable and changeable, the -e is kept so that these are not misinterpreted as hard ‘c’ or ‘g’ sounds. Similar spelling patterns apply to some other suffixes beginning with a vowel, such as -ous in famous vs. courageous.
- The final consonant of a root is doubled in the same contexts as when adding the suffix -ed. In general, this means doubling occurs when the preceding vowel is short and stressed (as in winnable) but not when it is long (as in obtainable) or unstressed (as in openable). In British English, a final L is typically doubled after a short vowel regardless of whether the vowel is stressed or unstressed (as in compellable, modellable). In American English, final L typically follows the same rules as other consonants (as in compellable, modelable). These are the general trends, but there is some variation within British and American English between these two methods of doubling final L.
- The form -ible usually has the same senses and pronunciation, though sometimes equivalent terms have diverged in meaning: compare suggestable (“capable of being suggested”) with suggestible (“susceptible to influence by suggestion”). The choice between the two is somewhat idiosyncratic, but in general, -ible is used in forms derived from Latin verbs of the second, third, and fourth conjugations, and in a few words whose roots end in a soft c or g, while -able is used in all other words, particularly those formed from Latin verbs of the first conjugation and those that come from French or from Anglo-Saxon (Old English). Fowler's English Usage recommends using -ible for simplicity's sake in any word whose root ends in a soft c or g to avoid -eable (e.g., *changible rather than changeable), but this recommendation has generally not been followed.
- A number of adjectives in -able come from verbs that do not have direct objects, but that rather are construed with prepositions. In these cases, the preposition does not appear with the adjective in -able; hence, reliable (“fit to being relied on”), laughable (“suited for laughing at”), remarkable (“fit to be remarked upon”), and so on.
- Traditionally, verbs ending in -ate drop this suffix before adding -able; hence, communicable (“able to be communicated”), eradicable (“possible to eradicate”), implacable (“unable to be placated”), inimitable (“unable to be imitated”), and so on, but relatable, because relate is re- + -late, not rel- + -ate. Logically one should therefore say rotable to mean "able to be rotated", but rotatable has become accepted.
- There are cases where a word with un- -able is much more common than one with just -able, such as unbreakable, unsinkable, and untouchable.
- Abel, Bale, Beal, Blea, Ebla, Elba, albe, bael, bale, beal, blea
- (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /ˈ-a.blə/
- -abell, -abil, -abile, -abill, -abul, -abull, -abyl, -abyll
- Forming adjectives denoting ability, relevance or inclination; -able.
- Scots: -able
- “-āble, adj. suf.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- French: -able
- worthy of, deserving of
honorer (“to honor”) + -able → honnorable (“honorable”)
- -ing, creating an effect, an influence
forsener (“to become insane or enraged”) + -able → forsenable (“maddening”)
- Middle French: -ableFrench: -able
- “-able”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
- [slang] Acronym for Absolute Bloody Legend. Can be used to describe someone who you think is ridiculous, or genuinely admire. Context sensitive.
- [slang] A legendary name given to the man who fought alongside Abraham Lincoln during the Battle of Little Big Horn. It is said that a man carrying this name would have only one known weakness, triceps. When approached by an "Ables" try not to look him in the eyes he has been known to steal souls.
- [slang] ABL is an acronym for 'Anything But Lazy'.
The words - Anything but Lazy are part of Logic's (the rapper) song : Paradise
- [slang] 1. Not disabled.
2. A walking, seeing, breathing, talking, hearing human.
3. A person of perfect health.
- [slang] what you say when theres an acward silence
- [slang] large in size, an abundance, huge, big. used as an adjective.
- [slang] somthing you say to someone to make them run to their mom and cry like a little bitch
- [slang] grafitti artist located it Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Part of the ACL.
- [slang] ABL
Anybody But Lakers syndrome
A syndrome that occurs, usually in or around the month of May where a Laker hater jumps onto the band wagon of any and every team that the Los Angeles Lakers face. The band wagon jumping is usually accompanied by loudly proclaiming that the opposing team (and/or its individual players) is the second coming, and a lock to defeat Kobe and company.
- [slang] she is the most sweetest person u will ever meet she also has a bad side. She is hella smart she will know the question before u ask it. she is hella loyal but she is very she is high tempered don't mess with her or u will regret it. She will always love u no matter what. If u have able u are so hella lucky. She is also a hacker she loves snoozing.
Able are like Benitoite rare. If u have a able keep them